Although the US authorities are friendly to immigrants, they don’t need any spongers. Therefore, when applying for citizenship, green cards and visas, you must convince them that you can support yourself or that you can rely on your relatives or friends.
One of the main conditions for obtaining a Green Card is that you confirm that you will be able to provide for yourself and your family after arrival in the United States. Without that your immigrant visa will not be issued.
Which kind of documents would be appropriate?
Among the documents showing financial independence are the following: (*) Job offer issued by a US employer; (*) Affidavit of Support made by a sponsor living in the US; (*) Bank statement of a personal account containing the amount of savings and the period for which it was collected; (*) Confirmation of the existence of an income from other sources (if any); (*) Proof of possession of assets or property valuation, income from which you can provide for yourself and your family for at least one year.
What should a job offer include?
A document proving that you have been hired in the United States is also an evidence of your financial solvency. If you have found an employer you should submit a certificate with the following information: (*) Job offer; (*) Job specification and job performance; (*) Salary; (*) Worksite address; (*) Estimated runtime.
You should be ready to answer if you can take up your duties immediately after you move to the United States.
How do I need to submit an Affidavit of Support?
An Affidavit of Support is a proof of sponsorship by a relative or friend who is a permanent resident or US citizen. Your sponsor will need to complete the I-134 Form. The sponsor must be able cover your expenses by 25% more than the general poverty rate in the U.S. On average, in many states it is about $11000 per year. That is, their coverage should be at least $13750 per year.
Information to be provided on Affidavit of Support
(*) Sponsor's annual income; (*) Statement of consent on behalf of the sponsor to confirm your financial solvency by posting a deposit. This will guarantee your ability not to be relied upon by the government. (*) Confirmations on behalf of the sponsor that they are willing to support your family members, subject to all mandatory costs (such as the cost of educating your children).
The document should also indicate the period during which the sponsor undertakes to provide material support ( 3 years from the date of the applicant's departure from the home country). The sponsor must confirm that they will prepare for the arrival of the immigrant. Finally, the document must specify whether the sponsor is a permanent resident or a U.S. citizen.
The applicant or sponsor must meet the following criteria: (*) Be older than 18 years; (*) Be a U.S. citizen or have a permanent residence permit (i.e., be a green card holder); (*) Have a valid United States address and currently reside in the United States; (*) Confirm an income of a minimum of 125% of current federal minimum subsistence level standards; (*) Earn at least 125% of the current federal minimum subsistence level standards.
Will the consulate check the information?
USCIS checks that the application form is complete and that the documents have been collected in sufficient detail. You may be asked to give more information or to send original documents instead of copies (they are promised to be returned). In other words, the authenticity and legality of the documents brought may not be specially verified.
However, if you or the sponsor intentionally provide false information, you may be denied immigration visa and green card at any time. Form I-864 is checked more thoroughly than 134 and the sponsor may be prosecuted for providing false information.
(*) The closer to the interview date you confirm your financial solvency, the better. (*) If any certificate is more than one year old, the consul will not accept it because it will be considered outdated. (*) It is assumed that your income will cover all your visa applicant's expenses with a 25% margin in relation to the U.S. average poverty rate, that is, at least $13750 per year on average.